博电竞

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QUANQIUJIAOYURUHEKUAYUESHUZIHONGGOU

来源 :中国教育报 访问次数 : 发布时间 :2021-05-15

  “总体看来,大规模进行在线教育实验、引入创新性教育教学法、提高学生学习的自主性和自我掌控的空间等,都是此次疫情给教育体系带来的意想不到的积极影响。”视觉中国 供图

  SUIZHEXINGUANFEIYANYIQINGZAIQUANQIUMANYAN,SHIJIERENMINZHENGZAIJINGLIYICHANGGONGGONGWEISHENGWEIJI。YOUYUYIQINGFANGKONGDEXUYAO,GEGUOZHENGFUFENFENCAIQULEXIANZHIRENMENCHUXINGHESHEJIAODENGFEIYAOWUGANYUCUOSHI。JIEZHIMUQIAN,QUANQIUYIYOU188GEGUOJIATINGKE,SHUYIMINGERTONGJIQINGSHAONIANDEFUZHISHOUDAOYANZHONGYINGXIANG。ZHANGDASHUYUEDEXUEXIAOGUANBIDUIJIAOYUTIXIDAILAILEQIANSUOWEIYOUDECHONGJIYUTIAOZHAN。

  JINQI,JINGJIHEZUOYUFAZHANZUZHI(OECD,YIXIAJIANCHENGJINGHEZUZHI)LIANHELEQUANQIU98GEGUOJIADE330MINGJIAOYUZHENGCEZHIDINGZHEHEZHIMINGJIAOYUZHIKURENYUAN,KAIZHANLEYIXIANGZHIZAILEJIEQUANQIUJIAOYUTIXIRUHEYINGDUIDANGXIAYIQINGDEDAXINGDIAOYAN,BINGJIEHEJINQIFABUDEZUIXINYILUNGUOJIXUESHENGPINGGUXIANGMU(PISA2018)SHUJUJIEGUO,DUIXUESHENG、JIAOSHIHEXUEXIAODEYINGDUINENGLIJINXINGPINGJIAYUFANSI。

  挑战

  数字鸿沟或加剧教育不公平

  JINGHEZUZHIDIAOCHAXIANSHI,GEGUOJIAOYUTIXIZUIDANYOUDESHIYOUYUZISHENYINGDUINENGLIDEQUEWEIHUOBUZUDAOZHISHUZIHONGGOUJIAJUJIAOYUDEBUGONGPING。83.9%DESHOUFANGZHEBIAOSHIRUHEQUEBAOYIQINGQIJIANXUESHENGXUEYEDELIANXUXINGYIJIDUIQUEFAXUEXIZIZHUNENGLIDEXUESHENGTIGONGZHICHI,SHIGEGUOJIAOYUTIXIDANGQIANZUISHOUYAOYINGDUIDEYITI。RUGUOJIAOYUTIXIWUFAHUOBUNENGJIAOHAODIYINGDUIYOUYUTINGXUEERJIXUESHENGZAIXUEYESHANGZAOCHENGDEFUMIANYINGXIANG,NEIMESHEHUIJINGJICHUYUBULICHUJINGDEXUESHENG、XUEYEXINGQUHECHENGJIUDONGJIBUQIANGDEXUESHENGYIJIWUFASHIYINGZIZHUXUEXIDEXUESHENG,DOUJIANGLUNWEIZHEICHANGYIQINGZHONGZAOSHOUCHONGJIZUIYANZHONGHEZUICUIRUODEQUNTI。XUESHENGSUOCHUJIATINGDEHUANJING、SUOJIUDUXUEXIAODEYINGDUINENGLIYIJIZISHENDEKANGNIXING,DOUZAIBUDUANJIAJUZHEJIAOYUJIHUIDEBUGONGPING。QICI,SHOUFANGZHEHAIBIAOSHI,XUYAOGAODUZHONGSHIXUESHENGDEQINGGANHEXINLIJIANKANG,YOUQISHIDUIJIATINGTIAOJIANBULIDEHAIZI,ZAIJIAWUFADEDAOFUMUDEXIXINZHAOLIAOQIEMEIYOUSHUSHIDEXUEXIHUANJING,NEIMEJIAOSHIYINGMIQIEYUXUESHENGJIAZHANGGOUTONG,XIANGYOUKUNNANDEXUESHENGTIGONGGEBIEHUADEZHICHIYUZHIDAO。

  原因

  高质量在线学习环境差异较大

  DIAOCHAFAXIAN,SHUZIHONGGOUZHUYAOCUNZAIYUXUESHENGGETI。SHIJISHANG,XUEXIAOZAIWANGLUOLIANJIE、DIANNAOJISUANNENGLIHEDAIKUANTIAOJIANSHANGDECHAYIBINGBUDA,ERZAIZHICHENGXUESHENGGAOZHILIANGZAIXIANXUEXIDEHUANJINGCHAYIJIAODA。77.8%DESHOUFANGZHEBIAOSHI,JISHUSHESHIYUHUANJINGSHIMUQIANPENGDAODEZUIDUODEZHANGAI。JINGHEZUZHITONGGUO2018GUOJIXUESHENGPINGGUSHUJUJINYIBUZHENGSHI,ZAIJINGHEZUZHICHENGYUANFANGZHONG,PINGJUN9%DE15SUIXUESHENGZAIJIAMEIYOUANJINGXUEXIDEDIFANG。ERZAIYINDUNIXIYA、FEILVBINHETAIGUO,GAIBILICHAOGUO30%。GENGWEIYANJUNDESHI,LIRUZAIMEIGUO,JIHUSUOYOUZAISHEHUIJINGJITIAOJIANYOULIXUEXIAOJIUDUDEXUESHENGZAIJIADOUYOUDIANNAOYONGYUXUEXI,DANZAIBORUOXUEXIAOBUDAO3/4DEXUESHENGJUBEIZHEIYANGDEXUEXITIAOJIAN。ZAIZHONGGUOSIDI(BEIJING、SHANGHAI、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANG),PINGJUN74%DEXUESHENGZAIJIAYOUDIANNAOYONGYUXUEXI,GAIBILIXIANZHEDIYUJINGHEZUZHIPINGJUNZHI(89%),QIEZAIBORUOXUEXIAODEXUESHENGZHONGZHIYOUBUDAO2/3DEXUESHENGJUBEITIAOJIAN。CIWAI,ZHIDEYINQIGUANZHUDESHI,XUESHENGZAIRENZHINENGLISHANGNENGFOUSHENGRENXINXIHAOHANDEZAIXIANXUEXI。ZAIJINGHEZUZHICHENGYUANFANGZHONG,PINGJUN9MINGXUESHENGZHONGJIUYOU1MINGXUESHENGWUFATONGGUONEIRONGHEXINXIQUFENCHUSHISHIYUGUANDIAN。

  支持

  教育系统是否具备专业能力

  CHULEJISHUSHESHIJIHUANJINGDETIAOZHANZHIWAI,GEGUOXUEXIAOXITONGZAIZHUANYENENGLIHEZHICHISHANGSHIFOUZUOHAOLEYONGBAOQUANQIUSHUZIHUAXUEXIDEZHUNBEI?DIAOYANFAXIAN,ZAIJIAOSHIZHUANYEZHUNBEIHENENGLIZHICHISHANG,ZHONGGUO、XINJIAPOXIANGDUITIAOJIANCHONGFEN,ERSHOUDAOYIQINGYINGXIANGYANZHONGDEQITAZHUYAOGUOJIA,BAOKUORIBEN、XIBANYA、FAGUO、DEGUODENGXUEXIAOXITONGSHANGWEIZUOHAOYINGDUIDAGUIMOZAIXIANJIAOYUDEZHUNBEI。90%DEZHONGGUOSIDI(BEIJING、SHANGHAI、JIANGSU、ZHEJIANG)HEXINJIAPODE15SUIXUESHENGSUOZAIXUEXIAODEXIAOZHANGRENWEI,JIAOSHIJUBEIYUNYONGSHUZIHUAJINXINGJIAOXUEDEJIBENJISHUJIJIAOYUJIAOXUENENGLI,ERRIBEN、FAGUO、YIDALI、DEGUOHEXIBANYADEGAIXIANGBILIJUNDIYUJINGHEZUZHIPINGJUNZHI(65%);TONGYANG,90%JIYISHANGDEZHONGGUOSIDIHEXINJIAPO15SUIXUESHENGSUOZAIXUEXIAOJIAOSHIYOUCHONGZUDESHIJIANYUNYONGSHUZIHUASHEBEIJINXINGJIAOXUEZHUNBEI(BAOKUOBEIKE、ZHIZUOKEJIAN),ERYIDALI、HANGUO、DEGUO、XIBANYAHERIBENDEGAIXIANGBILIJUNXIANZHEDIYUJINGHEZUZHIPINGJUNZHI(61%)。90%JIYISHANGZHONGGUOSIDIHEXINJIAPO15SUIXUESHENGSUOZAIXUEXIAOWEIBANGZHUJIAOSHISHIYONGSHUZIHUASHEBEITIGONGLEYOUXIAODEXUEXIZIYUANHUOPEIBEILEZHUANYEFUZHURENYUAN,ERYINGGUO、HANGUO、XIBANYA、DEGUOHERIBENGAIXIANGBILIJUNDIYUJINGHEZUZHIPINGJUNZHI(65%)。ZHIDEZHUYIDESHI,95%JIYISHANGDEZHONGGUOSIDIHEXINJIAPO15SUIXUESHENGSUOZAIXUEXIAOYIDAJIANLEYOUXIAODEZAIXIANXUEXIPINGTAI,ERYIDALI、FAGUO、ELUOSI、DEGUO、RIBENGAIXIANGBILIJUNDIYUJINGHEZUZHIPINGJUNZHI(54%)。

  反思

  危机中的教师角色与学校功能

  ZAIYIQINGBAOFAZHIQIAN,ZAIXIANJIAOYUHAIJINJINBEIZUOWEIFUZHUXIAOWAIXUEXIDEFANGSHIHUOZHICUNZAIYUDUIWEILAIJIAOYUTUJINGDEMIAOHUIZHIZHONG。RANER,DANGXIAZAIXIANXUEXIYANRANYICHENGWEIJIAOYUDESHENGMINGXIAN。GEGUOJIAOYUZHENGCEZHIDINGZHEPUBIANRENWEI,ZAIXIANXUEXIWUFAWANQUANQUDAIXUEXIAOJIAOYUDESHEHUIGONGNENGHEJIAOSHIDEJIAOSE,BINGQIEXUESHENGYEWUFAJINCONGJISHUZHONGHUOYI。DIAOCHAJIEGUOXIANSHI,CHULEZAIJISHUSHESHIHEHUANJINGSHANGDETIAOZHANZHIWAI,GUANXINYIQINGQIJIANXUESHENGHEJIAOSHIDESHENXINJIANKANG,YOUQISHIXUESHENGDEQINGGANJIJIAZHIGUANJIAOYUSHISHOUFANGZHERENWEIJIAOYUTIXIXUYAOYOUXIANKAOLVDEYITI。SHOUXIAN,XUESHENGDESHENXINJIANKANGYUZHANGSHIJIANDEWANGSHANGHUODONG(XUEXIHUOSHEJIAO)CUNZAICIXIAOBIZHANGDEGUANXI。XUEXIAOXUDUIXUESHENGJIAZHANGZAIXUESHENGANQUANYUHELISHIYONGSHUZIHUAGONGJUHESHEJIAOMEITIFANGMIANTIGONGZHIDAOYUJIANYI。QICI,ZAIWEIJIQIJIAN,XUESHENGGENGXUYAOGANSHOUDAOZIJIBUSHIGULIDEGETI,RENYURENZHIJIANXUYAOXIANGHULIANXIYUGUANXIN。YINCI,BAOGAOJIANYI,JISHIZAITESHUSHIQI,RENGRANXUYAOJIANLIRENJIJIAOWANGDE“XINCHANGTAI”HUOJIZHILAIXIAOCHUXUESHENGHEJIAOSHIDEJIAOLVYUGUOFENKONGJU。ZAIQICI,JIAOSHIDEJIAOSEBUHUIBEIJISHUHUOQUDAI。SHOUFANGZHEPUBIANRENWEI,QIAQIAXIANGFANDESHI,ZAITESHUSHIQIRENMENDUIJIAOSHIDEJIAOSEQIDAIHUIGENGGAO,CONGYUANYOUZHISHIDEGUANSHUZHEZHUANBIANWEIZHISHIDECHUANGZAOZHE、PINGJIAZHEHECUJINZHE。

博电竞  ZONGTIKANLAI,BENCIDIAOCHAZHONG80%DESHOUFANGZHEZAIJIJIKANDAICICIYIQINGWEIJIDUIJIAOYUTIXITICHUDETIAOZHAN。DABUFENDEJIAOYUZHENGCEZHIDINGZHEHEYANJIURENYUANDOUJIANGWEIJIKANZUOTUIJINJIAOYUBIANGEDEQIANGXINJI。TAMENRENWEI,DAGUIMOJINXINGZAIXIANJIAOYUSHIYAN、YINRUCHUANGXINXINGJIAOYUJIAOXUEFA、TIGAOXUESHENGXUEXIDEZIZHUXINGHEZIWOZHANGKONGDEKONGJIANDENG,DOUSHICICIYIQINGJIJIAOYUTIXIDAILAIDEYIXIANGBUDAODEJIJIYINGXIANG。YONGBAOSHIJIEDEBUQUEDINGXING,CUJINJIAOYUBIANGEBINGQIEJISHIZAIYIQINGWEIJIGUOHOURENGRANNENGLIUZHUDANGXIAJIAOYUTIXIDECHUANGZAOLIHEHUOLI,SHIDABUFENJIAOYUGAIGEJIANXINGZHEDEGONGTONGXINYUAN。

文章关键字: 学生 疫情 学校 中国 体系

博电竞 泛亚体育 泛亚体育 泛亚体育 博电竞 博电竞 泛亚体育